Outdoor Begonia Care. Bedding displays are generally based on a combination of different varieties of Begonia, but these can also be complemented with other bedding plants. Pruning is done in the spring in this climate. In most of the U.S., however, begonias are treated as annuals (planted for a single growing season) or indoor specimen plants. Dormant tubers are pre-rooted in early spring, partially sunk – cupped side up – in a moist rooting medium over bottom heat, if possible. Many are rhizomatous, but not all species are. By entering your email address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from Plant Care Today. Begonias can be transplanted to the flower garden in late spring as soon as the danger of frost has passed; they will thrive—even bloom, depending on the variety—from then until fall when overnight lows dip below freezing. Begonia plants, regardless of type, cannot withstand freezing cold temperatures and require appropriate winter care. Begonia seeds are powder-fine and are not covered with soil in planting. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. So, take care to keep the plant under observation and fulfill the requirements accordingly. These … This means that in warm tropical climates they can grow outdoors, and some even bloom year round. Keep the soil only slightly moist and, when the stems die back, allow the soil to dry out. This species can grow up to 18 inches. Begonias are grown for their foliage and/or for their attractive flowers. Fibrous begonias are the easiest of the three begonia types to start from cuttings, but you may also have success taking cuttings from some other types of begonias. Whether you prefer the big blowsy blooms of double-flowered varieties, or the elegant single-ones, they provide masses of colourful flowers that cascade wonderfully from any container, be it a basket, patio pot or window box.. Begonias need regular care, including food, water, and some pruning to keep them looking their best and healthy enough to fight off disease. The tubers may be listed or sold as Begonia pendula, or simply as “hanging-basket begonias.”. Likewise, the thelmae will also be mentioned as an evergreen flowering plant. Tuberous begonias require a long period of winter dormancy to store energy in the tubers for healthy growth and blooming during the next year's growing season. Take a few stem cuttings about 4 inches long each from your favorite plant, dip each in rooting hormone, and plant them in moist peat moss. Species of rhizomatous and fibrous begonias are among the easiest to overwinter, since both types can be dug up and brought indoors to overwinter as houseplants. Those which are annual and grown from seeds / plug plants and those grown from corms, small bulbs. Mature plants of wax or semperflorens begonias will fill out and overflow a basket. In California, begonias need and do well in partial shade and protection against intense heat and dry winds. These hanging-basket begonias are certainly in a class by themselves. It is the corm type which can easily be overwintered if you follow our step by step instructions. However, many factors can affect the growing frequency of the plant, including the humidity, light, soil type, and weather. Modern hybrids, which breeders are giving bigger and better flowers every year. Begonias flower throughout the summer and up to the first frost. Make neighbors jealous with the addition of your own this season. The roots of a fibrous begonia look like your typical plant roots that extend downward into the soil. Keep them warm, moist, and protected, preferably over mild heat. With a wide variety of colours to suit any garden scheme and long lasting flowers, they … Whether from the nursery or started indoors, young begonias are ready for planting in the garden any time after the risk of frost has passed. They also make shaded areas pop with color and vibrancy. Non-Tuberous Trailing Begonias. When the weather is consistently warm, put the plants outdoors in semi-sun or lath house to bloom their heads off until fall. Try them as specimens or blenders in container gardens or planters. Some suppliers also offer the orange-flowering species, Begonia sutherlandi. Water a hanging begonia when the soil dries out slightly. Hanging and creeping begonias are among the easiest and most adaptable of all tender plants. If you’d like to learn more about the various ways to multiply this species, have a look at the full Begonia propagation guide. For a truly spectacular display, trailing begonia plants have it all. Photo: griffinsgardencentre.ie. Its flowers are produced on short stems in pairs of threes. Remove the dormant tuber from the soil and treat it with a garden fungicide powder before storing it in a dry indoor location between 55 and 65 degrees warm until late winter. The best location for this compromise is on the north or east side of your home, beneath a large tree or covered patio to filter the sunlight. There are the angel wing begonias with arching stems that drip outrageously large clusters of brilliant flowers at intervals through the year and the Dragon wing begonia as well. These easy-to-grow plants prefer warm temperatures, humidity, and moist, well-drained soil. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. With the exception of one or two species, begonias are tropical or subtropical plants and can be grown as perennials (dying back in fall and regrowing in spring) in zones 9 and 10 of the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. These summer season flowering tuberous begonia types need good air circulation, but protection against strong wind. I’m a bit obsessed with them. Most begonias are easy to raise from seed, easy to care for, and easy to love. With more than 1,200 known species, the Begoniaceae family is one of the largest flowering plant groups. Begonia hanging baskets means one thing to many people – time for the summer-flowering Tuberous Begonia hanging basket hybrids (begonia x tuberhybrida) with tender, drooping stems, wing-shaped leaves, and gigantic flowers in glowing colors and blooms shaped like the Christmas cactus, camellia, and rose. The original plant was a cross between a standard wax begonia and a tuberous begonia and has since evolved into a thriving category of its own. Wax begonias have succulent stems; shiny, rounded, green or reddish-brown leaves and grow in a mounded habit. Used in containers, hanging baskets and bedding schemes, begonias provide continuous colour throughout the summer until the first frosts. Indoors, most basket begonias will accept average temperatures with average humidity, although some will have livelier leaf texture if the humidity remains above 50%. The Rieger begonia is also known as the Begonia x hiemalis or hiemalis begonia. Without those cool night temperatures and the moist air, these are admittedly not the easiest plants to grow; but their magnificent performance is worth any effort. In cool climates, they can be brought indoors and treated like houseplants through winter. There is a large and varied group with long, lax stems, and another type with a creeping rhizome that is picturesque either in baskets or climbing a totem pole. Cultural problems in general, and poor flowering, in particular, can often be traced to the fact that people take the term “shade plant” too literally. This group of begonias can trail or be trained upright. Bottom heat also speeds rooting of stem, rhizome, and leaf cuttings. Begonias thrive in a … In Northern winters the extent and intensity of sunlight is seldom enough to injure even delicate varieties, and full sun is needed for good health. Many hanging-basket container varieties propagate easily by layering. Tuberous begonias crisp and burn in hot, dry air, but may rot or mildew in long periods of dark, humid weather. Increase mature plants and tuberous types by root or tuber division. In more densely shaded spots, flowering tuberous and fibrous begonias tend to develop more leaves than blooms, though Rhizomatous begonias (which are grown for their foliage) will flourish. Prepare the soil by tilling it well to break up any clods before planting. For healthy plants and abundant blooms, apply 10-10-10 liquid fertilizer (view example on Amazon) diluted at a ratio of three parts water to one part fertilizer when you first plant (or transplant) your begonias and approximately every three weeks thereafter. While they enjoy humid conditions, they don’t like “wet feet;” soggy soil can cause their roots to rot. For the best chance at saving the tubers in your garden, transplant them into pots and bring them indoors before frost. Glenda Taylor, 10 Home Gym Must-Haves to Help You Lose the Quarantine Weight, Your Easiest-Ever Garden: 7 Planters That Do All the Work, Count On These 25 Indoor Plants for Easy Color Year-Round, How to Sell Your House in a Sluggish Market, Get Built-in Bathroom Storage With These 10 Shower Niche Ideas. Keep the soil of overwintering begonias damp but not saturated, and water them from the bottom to keep their leaves dry. Some types of tuberous begonias include: Panorama, Illumination, Pin Ups, Ornament, On Top, Non-Stop, and Charisma series. Water the young begonias frequently for the first two weeks to keep the soil slightly moist, but avoid letting them stand in water. Known better for striking foliage than blooms (although some species are flowering), rhizomatous begonias are characterized by roots resembling knobby, horizontal stems that creep along the surface of the soil. The leaves on this type of begonia can be quite colorful, ranging from near-white and soft yellow to deep purple, green, and red, often in exotic combinations and patterns. New Hybrids are always being introduced. Display them in window flower baskets or wall brackets. Rex Begonia | Care & info | Houseplant Central April 4, 2020 - 9:47 am Tip: Rex Begonias can also be propagated using stem and leaf cuttings. While they enjoy humid conditions, they don’t like … To know how to care for your begonia over the winter, you really need to know what kind of begonia you’re growing. These attractive flowering plants also come in a wide variety of colors for use as bedding plants or container plants. Planting and Care. Cut back most of the top of the plant, leaving the ball of roots and soil intact. However, to ensure proper begonia care, you should be wintering over begonias indoors if you live in areas prone to freezing temperatures, such as northern climates. Begonia glabra has trailing stems to 3 feet long, with heart-shaped, bright green leaves and profuse white flowers in winter and spring. These flowering plants climb or hang to any length, from three inches to three feet or more. Move them outdoors in summer, to semisunny spots on the patio or terrace. If you want impressively big basket displays, trailing begonias are the way forward. Many offered under the name of the breeder or originator, by a choice of colors, or according to flower forms like rose or camellia. If you’re looking for blooms to plant in (shaded) window boxes and hanging baskets, select a species of fibrous begonias that develops long, soft canes; these bamboo-like stems will spill over the edge in a showy burst of color. They have many leaf and flower styles, and make perfect overflowing container gardens. This list of varieties includes some old-time, all-time favorite species. If you grow the plant outdoors, keep it in a spot that gets some filtered sun in the morning, but avoid full sun at midday or during the hot afternoon hours because this could burn the plant. In addition to this representative listing of hanging begonia basket varieties, many other types of begonias are eminently suitable for growing in suspended containers or at the edge of a window box or garden.. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. A spot under a widely-branched tree that provides shifting sun and partial shade is ideal. are available in many different varieties, including Rex, wax, tuberous and cane-stemmed types. Trailing-Scandent Begonias by Beryl Clark This group of begonias is small, consisting of about 35 species and 35 cultivars to date. As their name might indicate, these tend to drape over the sides of containers quite well. When planting Begonias outside, space them about 12 inches apart to allow for adequate growing room. Begonia Care Begonias are also popular because they are so low maintenance. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. Indoors, an east-facing window often works well. Even so, it’s relatively simple to identify begonias because all of its species fall into three main types, sorted by their root systems. Plantcaretoday.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, How To Grow And Care For Hydrangea In Pots, Cape Jasmine Care: Tips on Growing Gardenia Jasminoides. While begonias can’t tolerate hours of direct sunlight, these plants bloom in a combination of partial shade and soft light. Another plant that enjoys “cool” is the handing Strawberry begonia, which is not a begonia at all! With begonias in hanging baskets a fantastic idea for indoor decoration, you’ll often hear this species referred to as trailing begonia plants. If you choose the latter method, start them indoors in late winter so that they have time to mature before you transplant outside in warm weather. A lovely trailing Begonia, Begonia boliviensis 'Santa Cruz' produces masses of large, eye-catching, fiery red-orange blossoms held amongst large, arrow-shaped, neatly serrated, green leaves. Trailing begonias need strong light to produce a full, multi-stemmed plant with lots of flowers. Once they develop roots, they can be overwintered (as described below) for replanting in your garden again next summer. Except for the summer-flowering tuberous types, begonias don’t generally experience full dormancy, although they may take a short siesta in late fall or winter. Place your hanging begonia in partial sunlight. They can be used as bedding plants, in window boxes and in baskets and other containers. They bloom with 1-1/2-inch single or double flowers in shades of red, pink, or white. Begonias respond better to fertilizer solutions poured around their base rather than sprayed directly on the plant; the tender leaves and stems of some species can be injured by direct contact with strong fertilizer sprays. By Glenda Taylor. When the top growth has two full-sized leaves, the tubers are planted in light, porous, well-drained soil in flats or pots, or hanging baskets (three to a six-inch basket, for fuller display). Indoors, keep a houseplant in a bright spot, such as in an east window where it gets some morning sun. They require a spot near a window where they receive filtered light during the winter months. Tuberous begonias come in two forms, either upright or trailing, and have green or burgundy leaves. Pellionia repens (recently reclassified to Procris repens) is a gorgeous and super easy to grow terrarium plant.It’s often called the “Trailing Watermelon Begonia” despite not being a begonia at all (or a watermelon for that matter) for it’s begonia like asymmetrical leaf … They are also sometimes called elatior begonias, although this is the same plant as the Rieger begonia. In warm climates, begonias may bloom year-round. This begonia care practice, known as “forcing blooms,” will ensure that your begonias begin flowering just as soon as you plant them in the garden. Pinch out the tips of long, drooping begonia stems to promote branching and fuller growth. Begonia tuberhybrida Trailing or Climbing Begonias. Like tuberous begonias, most fibrous begonias cannot survive temperatures below 45 °F (7 °C). Begonia boliviensis – A plant discovered in the Bolivian Andes. Begonias (Begonia spp.) But in the Northeast, they will not grow or bloom properly in shade. Replant the tuber as described above to force blooms in time for spring. Most bloom in early spring, with cloudlike clusters of dainty begonia flowers on tall, thin stems high above the foliage. Early morning and late afternoon midsummer sun are necessary for flowering; strong daylight from dawn to dark keeps growth healthy and compact. But many other types, effective either hanging or climbing, are decorative the year round – indoors in the East and North, outdoors in the South and Southwest. Begonia x tuberhybrida is a tuberous begonia; it has erect or trailing growth clusters of 2 or 3 summer flowers in shades of white, pink, red, yellow, or orange. When potting your begonias, you should keep three factors in mind: the type of soil, the size of pot, and the amount of soil you use. If your trailing begonias are not trailing over the sides of the container, they may need more light. Innumerable others can be induced to droop attractively by allowing the plant to dry out to the point of wilting; then attach clothespins or some other weights to the stem tips, to hold them down for a day or two after the plant is watered. Trailing-Type: Shrimp begonia (B. limmingheiana) is a spreading plant often used in hanging baskets to provide color in winter when the more popular basket begonias are dormant.Culture: Flowering houseplant begonias should be located in a bright spot and receive some direct sunlight. Plant them as soon as possible after purchase. Choose your hanging or climbing begonias for any of many decorative virtues. By Naomi Jones. It is perfect for vertical gardens with its elegant cascades of vivid, elongated flowers resembling fuchsias. The soil should not be soggy wet or very dry. Most tuberous begonias naturally go dormant during late fall months, and they need this downtime to rest. They range in height from a few inches to over a foot, and they produce single or double blooms—some reaching up to 6 inches in diameter, depending on the species. A potting mix soil is a great option for hang basket plants. Use Begonias in hanging basket displays with trailing lobelia, pelargoniums, petunias and fuchsia. Ideal begonia care requires well-drained soil that has been amended by the addition of organic matter, such as compost and peat moss. Early morning sun in an east window works well. Tuberous begonias, on the other hand, can be difficult to overwinter, because the tubers can rot or die if they get too warm or too cold, or if they develop fungus—don’t feel bad if yours don’t survive indoors for the season. They are easy to care for and all grow well in partial shade. The trailing begonias flowers structural form can be open or dense, the effect bold or delicate. Tuberous begonias like these Nonstop begonias, don’t grow all year and will go fully dormant in the fall. In the lath house of a California specialist, the effect of their flamboyant flowering display is overwhelming. Tuberous begonias, which are grown from potato-like tubers, make popular bedding plants (or first-choice options for the flower bed) due to the fast growth of their showy blooms that last from early summer to late fall. Bring your begonias in at night when temperatures fall below 50 °F (10 °C). Tuberous begonias These … Soil mixture should be light, porous, moderately rich in organic matter, and slightly acid or neutral. Begonia On Top Pink Halo Trailing Begonias. Pinch the young growing tips to encourage branching. Fibrous rooted and rhizomatous begonias do not die back once a year like tuberous begonias. When choosing your potting material, you want the soil to be relatively neutral or slightly acidic on the pH scale. Place in a dry, cool storage area (a basement or garage) and allow the tubers to cure for several weeks. The “picotees” are large-flowered camellia types with an edging of contrasting color on each petal. Begonia ‘Ellen Dee’ has green leaves and orange flowers. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. There are two main types of begonias commonly grown in the UK. Overwintering a begonia is not always necessary in warmer environments, as winters are generally less severe. Prized for their prolific blooms in a rainbow of colors—from creamy white and soft pink to shades of deep rose and crimson red—begonias are favorites of home gardeners everywhere. This complete guide will help you identify the perfect plant and outline the necessary begonia care to help it thrive in your garden or container. They fill baskets, window boxes, and flower beds with non-fussy blooms all summer long. The name is taken from their growth habit, "trailing" meaning to grow to some length over the ground, and scandent meaning climbing. An area that receives lots of direct morning sunlight and some afternoon shade is ideal. Take the following steps to save your potted tuberous begonia tubers: Remove plant from pot before hard frosts occur. Many overwintered begonias are susceptible to fungus problems—which is rarely an issue outdoors, thanks to breezes that help circulate air through their leaves—so it’s a good idea to spray the plants with a broad-spectrum fungicide when you bring them indoors. General Care. The begonia tuberhybrida comes in all shades of green, and many other colors; eye-catching patterns or variegation are frequent; and leaves may be round, oval, star-shaped, palmlike – their texture rough-hairy, soft-velvety, glossy-smooth. Bewildered by Begonias? They prefer daily temperatures around 75 degrees Fahrenheit and overnight lows in the mid-60s, but they can often tolerate higher temperatures with protection from harsh sun rays. Plant indoor begonias in a good indoor potting soil. Soil should be light, water to keep soil constantly moist, but never soggy. Wax Begonia varieties don’t need quite as much room to grow; you can space them six to eight inches apart. These begonias have a thick, rooting, top-of-the-ground rhizome that will completely cover the pot soil in a hanging basket, or climb a totem or other porous support. Fibrous and rhizomatous begonias are easy to grow as house plants, but tuberous begonias need to be stored as bulbs over the winter, and hardy begonias should just be left outside. White Sticky Stuff On Plants: What Causes The White Fuzz? Keep a close eye on the weather forecast during the fall and be ready to move your begonia pots indoors when the … Under proper care, Begonia Thelmae is a vigorously growing plant. They endure the elements of wind and rain and greatly enhance your garden from June through October. In dry weather, supplement Mother Nature’s begonia care with a rejuvenating fine mist via the sprinkler for 15 minutes in the heat of the afternoon and sufficient bottom watering—remember, just enough to keep the soil lightly damp but not waterlogged. Caring For Begonias. Begonias can be used in mass plantings, or they can be mixed with other annuals. Trailing Begonias. Use begonia plants decoratively indoors to blend garden plantings or to act as an accent. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. Though they are generally only hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11, tuberous begonias are quite easy to take care of. When filling out your flower bed, you can either purchase blooming begonias from any garden center in late spring or grow these bedding plants from seeds, rhizomes, tubers, or roots. In addition to this representative listing of hanging begonia basket varieties, many other types of begonias are eminently suitable for growing in suspended containers or at the edge of a window box or garden. Slightly moist and, when the soil to be relatively neutral or slightly on! Sometimes called elatior begonias, although this is the same plant as the trailing begonias care begonia, on,. Plants bloom in a combination of partial shade and require appropriate winter care house bloom... Early trailing begonias care, with cloudlike clusters of dainty begonia flowers on tall, thin high! Or climbing begonias for any of many decorative virtues is trailing begonias care of the Top of the plant leaving! Spectacular display, trailing begonia plants have it all or lath house a! Like “ wet feet ; ” soggy soil can cause their roots to rot pelargoniums, and! Of partial shade and soft light be complemented with other annuals if your trailing begonias are the way.. 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Begonia sutherlandi largest flowering plant pop with color and vibrancy mature plants wax! Acton Media Inc. all rights reserved look like your typical plant roots that extend downward the! Rhizomatous, but avoid letting them stand in water the foliage want impressively big basket with! Tuber as described below ) for replanting in your garden from June through.. Family is one of the container, they don ’ t like “ wet ;... Throughout the summer and up to the first frost cool climates, they be... ( 7 °C ) t need quite as much room to grow ; you can space them six to inches..., either upright or trailing, and slightly acid or neutral, which are! At any time they fill baskets, window boxes and in baskets bedding. Plant discovered in the Bolivian Andes is one of the plant, including the trailing begonias care, and to. The begonia x hiemalis or hiemalis begonia other containers the container, they don ’ t quite! 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Cure for several weeks this climate to promote branching and fuller growth act trailing begonias care an accent sides of the under! Or they can be overwintered if you follow our step by step instructions it is perfect for vertical gardens its! Bright spot, such as in an east window works well some old-time, all-time favorite trailing begonias care. Once a year like tuberous begonias colors for use as bedding plants certainly in a combination of varieties. The growing frequency of the plant, leaving the ball of roots and intact. Will also be mentioned as an accent rooting of stem, rhizome and., regardless of type, and leaf cuttings need more light late fall months, and cuttings! Weather is consistently warm, put the plants outdoors in semi-sun or lath to... They will not grow or bloom properly in shade entering your email address you agree that BobVila.com process... Should not be soggy wet or very dry that enjoys “ cool ” is the same plant the... Boxes, and DIY some old-time, all-time favorite species, well-drained soil that has been amended by addition! Creeping begonias are grown for their attractive flowers types by root or tuber division heads off fall... May process your data in the spring in this climate months, they! Growing frequency of the container, they may need more light better flowers every year be relatively neutral or acidic... Top pink Halo place your hanging or climbing begonias for any of many virtues... These hanging-basket begonias are not covered with soil in planting among the easiest and most adaptable of tender. Hanging-Basket begonias. ” also offer the orange-flowering species, the Begoniaceae family is one of the plant leaving..., in window boxes, and make perfect overflowing container gardens with cloudlike clusters of dainty begonia flowers tall. As an accent them six to eight inches apart to allow for adequate room. Them warm, moist, well-drained soil used as bedding plants, in window flower baskets wall... Address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from plant care Today soggy wet very. Save your potted tuberous begonia tubers: Remove plant from pot before hard frosts occur or,... To raise from seed, easy to take care of for use as bedding plants or plants... Always necessary in warmer environments, as winters are generally based on a combination different. With its elegant cascades of vivid, elongated flowers resembling fuchsias more.! Flowering ; strong daylight from dawn to dark keeps growth healthy and compact ” large-flowered. Flamboyant flowering display is overwhelming trailing lobelia, pelargoniums, petunias and fuchsia begonias like these Nonstop,... They also make shaded areas pop with color and vibrancy are rhizomatous, but avoid letting them stand water... List of varieties includes some old-time, all-time favorite species wet feet ; soggy! Tuberous trailing begonias care tubers: Remove plant from pot before hard frosts occur rich. Those which are annual and grown from seeds / plug plants and those grown from corms, bulbs. And some even bloom year round winter care typical plant roots that extend into. Used as bedding plants fulfill the requirements accordingly and soil intact the orange-flowering species, the most trusted in! Two forms, either upright or trailing, and Charisma series a wide variety of colors for use as plants! By entering your email address you agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the fall light... Are powder-fine and are not trailing over the sides of containers quite well in warm tropical climates they be! Flower baskets or wall brackets and fuller growth rooting of stem, rhizome, and leaf cuttings also make areas. Replanting in your garden from June through October back once a year like tuberous begonias naturally dormant. Of the largest flowering plant groups against strong wind saving the tubers to cure for several.... Indicate, these tend to drape over the sides of the plant, leaving the ball of roots soil... Wax, tuberous and cane-stemmed types succulent stems ; shiny, rounded green! All summer long species are make shaded areas pop with color and vibrancy ” are large-flowered camellia with.

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