21. But whilst the honour paid to the temple of Zerubbabel on the part of the heathen and heathen princes by the presentation of sacrifices and dedicatory offerings must not be overlooked, as preludes to the promised filling of this house with the riches of the Gentiles, we must not look to this outward glorification of the temple at Jerusalem for the true fulfilment of our prophecy, even if it had exceeded Solomon's temple in glory. In either case, the contrast is between two things, either the temple in that its former estate, and this its latter estate after the captivity, or the two temples of Solomon and Zerubbabel. 8), the Parthians (Josephus, Ant. ((o) T. Bab. 4. "The Shechinah and the five precious things," says one, "which, according to our wise of blessed memory, were in it, and not in the second house, raised and exalted it beyond compare." "The new covenant," he says, "which was established by the Lord in His incarnation, was not at first a blessing to Israel, but to the heathen world. In the second year of King Darius, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came by Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,a. (n) Baal Aruch in rad. God holds out no vain hopes. The transitoriness of all that is earthly should lead men to seek "peace" in Messiah's everlasting kingdom ( Haggai 2:9, Hebrews 12:27 Hebrews 12:28) [MOORE]. Peter sums up "the word which God sent unto the children of Israel, as Acts 10:36 preaching peace by Jesus Christ Romans 14:17. While taking pains, through the gradualness of his rebuilding, to preserve the identity of the fabric, he lavished his wealth, to draw off their thoughts from the king, whom the Jews looked for, to himself. - And so shall there be peace throughout, that, no bodily passions or hindrances of unbelieving mind resisting, Christ shall be all in all, exhibiting the hearts of all subdued to the Father.". Those employed for God may be driven from their work by a storm, yet they must go back to it. (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. But if there had really been any foundation in the Scriptures for this view, and the predictions of our prophet had not been fulfilled in the manner intended, the fault would not rest entirely in the impenitence of Israel, but would fall in part upon God Himself, for having sent His Son, not at the proper time, or when the time was accomplished, but too early, namely, before Israel was in that moral condition which would allow of the coming of the Messiah to become a blessing to it, whether God was mistaken as to the proper time for sending His Son, or in His judgment as to the moral condition of Israel. A small section of Erastians admitted these claims of the murderer of his sons. Haggai 1:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Haggai 1:9, NIV: "You expected much, but see, it turned out to be little.What you brought home, I blew away. A temple, erected, after this had lain waste above 1800 years, even if Antichrist were to come now and to erect a temple at Jerusalem, could be no fulfillment of this prophecy. This true or deeper ground for their mourning, which might very well give rise to the question whether the Lord would restore His former gracious relation to Israel, or at any rate would restore it now, is met by the divine promise published by Haggai to the people, which attaches itself in form to the existing circumstances, and accordingly promises for the future a glorification of the temple which will outshine the glory of the former one. 1. Haggai 1:15-2:9 The People Obey the Lord. Certainly there were some old men who had seen Solomon’s temple in its splendor. "Even then there were forebodings that the time of this empire would soon be accomplished, and the rapid conquests of Alexander gave fulfilment to this foreboding. Despite their distress, Haggai was able to tell these weeping elders a most astonishing truth, "The Lord of hosts declares that the latter glory of this house will be greater than the former, and in this place I will give peace.". Scripture: Haggai 2:9, James 1:27, 1 Samuel 4, 2 Samuel 6. ", Haggai was a post-exile returnee to the land of Israel whose main ministry was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to let them know that God was with them and would help them. Haggai reminds them that their presence in the Promised Land doesn't make everything they do holy. Clarke's Haggai 2:9 Bible Commentary And in this place will I give peace - שלום shalom a peace-offering, as well as peace itself; or Jesus Christ, who is called the Prince of peace, through whom peace is proclaimed between God and man, between man and his fellows; and through whom peace is established in the disconsolate soul. 2) How do you see it now? Chagai prophesies of a time when all the nations of the world will recognize Hashem, Whose glory rests on the Beit Hamikdash in Yerushalayim (ירושלים). But, inasmuch as Israel was still without such moral preparation as would allow of the coming of Jehovah being a blessing to it, and rejected its Messiah, there occurred an event in connection with this rejection of Jesus on the part of Israel, which not only put a stop to the fulfilment of the prophecies, the realization of which had commenced with the coming of Jesus, but introduced a partial modification. He called the people to 'consider your ways' and to 'be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might.' And this glory was not in the second house. The shaking of the heathen world did not first begin with the birth of Christ, but commenced shortly after the time of Haggai. But the fault of this rests purely upon Israel. This would have encouraged both the older and younger generation to live faithfully to the Lord despite their humble circumstances. Jews saw this and, knowing nothing of the peace in Jesus, argued from the absence of outward peace, that the prophecy was not fulfilled under the second temple. Haggai 2:1 - Haggai 2:9. After telling them that the temple built after the return of the fathers from exile was still sixty cubits lower than that of Solomon, which he proposed to add, he proceeded thus: "But since I am now by God's will your governor, and I have had peace a long time, and have gained great riches and large revenues, and, what is the principal thing of all, I am at amity with and well regarded by the Romans, who, if I may so say, are the rulers of the whole world," etc. The shaking of heaven and earth, of the sea and of the dry land, is indeed partially effected by violent earthquakes and wonderful signs in the sky, and was typified by such judgments as the flood; but it is only fully accomplished at the breaking up of the present condition of the world in the destruction of this heaven and this earth. The priests, Levites, tribal heads, and older men, who had seen the grandeur of the former structure and remembered the majestic glory of Solomon's Temple WEPT, because the foundations of this second Temple were so much smaller. Haggai 2:1-9 – Inductive Bible Study for Small Groups With Discovery Questions. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. And how shall it be said, if so, 'great shall be the glory of this later house above the first?'" Yoma, fol. Haggai presses the point of divine honor further by opening up before the eyes of the community what the completed temple would mean for God’s role in the world. Jesus will return from heaven again, but not till Israel shall have been converted to the Messiah it rejected. ", And in this place I will give peace - Temporal peace they had now, nor was there any prospect of its being disturbed. Starting, for example, with the fact that the fulfilment of the events predicted by Haggai and the coming of the day of Jehovah are one and the same, and that according to Malachi 3:1; Malachi 4:5 the day of Jehovah was to be preceded by the coming of a messenger, to prepare the way for Jehovah to come to His temple, Koehler assumes that the fulfilment of these events ought to have taken place with the coming of Jesus of Nazareth, to establish the new covenant as the Messiah. What does this verse really mean? Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. A Time To Endure Series Contributed by Shawn Drake on Nov 24, 2019 based on 1 rating | 1,849 views. Haggai's second prophecy began with the Lord asking the returning remnant three questions. The Jews generally were not diverted from looking on to Him who should come. 2. He Himself says John 14:27, "My peace I leave with you." If we also take up the question as to the fulfilment of this prophecy, we must keep the two features quite distinct - (a) the shaking of heaven and earth and all nations; (b) the consequence of this shaking, the coming of the heathen with their possessions to the glorification of the temple - although they both stand in close connection. And so also it is in the impenitence of Israel that we have to look for the reason why the shaking of the heaven and the earth, and all the heathen, which Haggai announced as מעט היא, has been postponed for more than 500 years. xiv. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. He does not, however, thereby represent the predicted shaking of heaven and earth "as still in the future," as Koehler supposes; but, as his words in Hebrews 12:28 (cf. The explanations of the great Jewish authorities, that the second temple was superior to the first in structure (which was untrue) or in duration, were laid aside by Jews who had any other solution wherewith to satisfy themselves. 1. Jud. The full and final fulfilment of this magnificent prophecy is still future, for although the glory of the Lord entered the Temple when Jesus Himself visited, during His first advent, lasting peace in the holy city will only happen when the Prince of Peace returns in the clouds of glory and sets His feet on the mount of Olives, to bring in His Millennial Kingdom of peace and prosperity. In order, namely, to give emphasis to his admonition, not to expose themselves to still severer punishment than fell upon those who hardened themselves under the Old Testament against the incomplete revelation of God, by rejecting the far more perfect revelation of God in Christ, he quotes our prophecy, and shows from it (Hebrews 12:26), that at the founding of the old covenant only a comparatively small shaking of the earth took place; whereas for the times of the new covenant there had been predicted a shaking not only of the earth, but also of the heaven, which indicated that what was moveable was to be altered, as made for that purpose, that the immoveable might remain. He tries to prove that all the conditions which it lays down for the glorifying of the temple have now been realized. In his opinion there is a coming of Jehovah still in the future. "The Dayspring from on high visited us, to guide our feet into the way of peace." YLT: Greater is the honour of this latter house, Than of the former, said Jehovah of Hosts, And in this place do I give peace, An affirmation of Jehovah of Hosts.' i. xiv. 65. (f) Meaning all spiritual blessings and felicity purchased by Christ; Php 4:7. ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the LORD Almighty. The circumstance that the prophet mentions the shaking of heaven and earth before the shaking of all the heathen, cannot furnish any valid ground for objecting to these allusions; nor can it force us to the conclusion that the words are only to be understood as denoting "great political shakings, whereby the power of the heathen would be broken, their pride humbled, and so the susceptibility for salvation be evoked among them." They were quiet subjects of the Persiam empire, which included also all their former enemies, greater or less. 3. 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